From: 

Comparative Commentary on 1 Timothy                             Return to Home 

By Roland H. Worth, Jr.  © 2020

 

All reproduction of text in paper, electronic, or computer

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credit is given and the text is not altered.

 

             

                                                                       

(Volume 4:)

(Bibliography)

 

 

 

  Bibliography

 

 

Adam, A. K. M.  “Commentary on 1 Timothy 6:16-19.”  At:  https://www.workingpreacher.org/preaching.aspx?commentary_id=731.  (Dated September 26, 2010; accessed January 2016.)  

 

Adams, Edward.  The Earliest Christian Meeting Places—Almost Exclusively Houses?  In the Library of New Testament Studies, volume 450.  London, England:  T & T Clarke/Bloomsbury, 2013. 

 

Akin, Daniel L.  “The Mystery of Godliness Is Great:  Christology in the Pastoral Epistles, in Entrusted with the Gospel:  Paul’s Theology in the Pastoral Epistles, edited by Andreas J. Kostenberger and Terry L. Wilder, 137-152.  Nashville, Tennessee:  B&H Academic, 2010. 

 

Alcorn, Randy.  “Meaning of ‘The Husband of One Wife’ in 1 Timothy 3.”  At:  http://www.epm.org/resources/2010/Feb/23/meaning-husband-one-wife-1-timothy-3/.  (Accessed September 2016, [unknown moth] 2019.)    

 

Alford, Henry.  “Commentary on 1 Timothy.”  Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary.  1863-1868.  At:  https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hac/1-timothy-5.html.  (Accessed February 2020.)

 

Allen, Stuart.  The Early and Pastoral Epistles of Paul.  London:  Berean Publishing Trust, 1977.  

 

Allison, Archibald .  “Biblical Qualifications for Deacons (Part One).”  Ordained Servant, volume 6, number 1 (January 1997).  At:  http://www.opc.org/OS/html/V6/1b.html.  (Accessed October 2016.)    

 

Allison, Archibald .  “Biblical Qualifications for Deacons (Part Two).”  Ordained Servant, volume 6, number 2.  At:  http://www.opc.org/OS/html/V6/2c.html.  (Accessed October 2016.)    

 

Allison, Archibald .  “Biblical Qualifications for Deacons (Part Three).”  Ordained Servant, volume 6, number 3 (July 1997).  At:  http://www.opc.org/OS/html/V6/3a.html.  (Accessed October 2016.)     

 

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Arichea, Daniel C., and Howard A. Hatton.  A Handbook on Paul’s Letters to Timothy and to Titus.  In the UBS Handbook series.  New York:  United Bible Societies, 1995. 

 

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Barnes, Albert.  “Commentary on 1 Timothy.”  Barnes’ Notes on the Whole Bible.  (1870).  At:  https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/1-timothy-6.html. (Accessed March 2020.)

                                                                                                  

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Bassler, Jouette M.  “Limits and Differentiation:  the Calculus of Widows in 1 Timothy 5:3-16.”  In A Feminist Companion to the Deutero-Pauline Epistles, edited by Amy-Jill Levine and Marianne Blickenstaff, 122-146.  Cleveland, Ohio:  The Pilgrim Press, 2003. 

 

Beavis, Mary Ann.  “ ‘If Anyone Will Not Work, Let Them Not Eat:’  2 Thessalonians 3:10 and the Social Support of Women.”  In A Feminist Companion to the Deutero-Pauline Epistles, edited by Amy-Jill Levine and Marianne Blickenstaff, 29-36.  Cleveland, Ohio:  The Pilgrim Press, 2003. 

 

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Brace, Robin A.  “Can You Explain 1 Timothy 4:14?”  At:  http://www.ukapologetics.net/07/timsgifts.htm.  (Dated 2007; accessed January 2016.)

 

Brace, Robin A.  “What Does It Mean:  Lay Hands on No Man Suddenly?”  Part of the UK Apologetics website.  At:  http://www.ukapologetics.net/12/laynothandssuddenly.htm.  (Dated June 15, 2012; accessed November 2016.)  

 

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Burke, Daniel.  Seven Reasons Why You Shouldn’t Read 1 Timothy 6:1-2 As An Endorsement Of Slavery.” At:  https://www.dennyburk.com/seven-reasons-why-you-shouldnt-read-1-timothy-61-2-as-an-endorsement-of-slavery/.  (Dated January 2016; accessed March 2020.)

 

Burke, Daniel.  “Treating Young Women As Sisters In Absolute Purity.”  At:  https://www.dennyburk.com/treating-young-women-as-sisters-in-absolute-purity/.  (Dated May 23, 2017; accessed February 2020.)

 

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Carr, Karen.  “Why Did So Many Women Die In Childbirth In Ancient Rome?”  Quora magazine.  https://www.quora.com/Why-did-so-many-women-die-giving-childbirth-in-ancient-Rome.  (Dated March 2017; accessed October 2019.)

 

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Cather, Rich.  “1 Timothy 3:8-16.”  At:   

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Challies, Tim.  “Five Ugly Qualities of the Anti-Elder.”  At:  http://www.challies.com/articles/5-ugly-qualities-of-the-anti-elder.  (Dated December 1, 2014; accessed October 2016.)     

 

Chang, Ryun.  “Question:  What Is the Proper Understanding of 1 Timothy 5:19-20, Particularly in light of the Differences in Translations Among the Versions?”  Part of the Acts International Ministry website.  At:  http://amichurches.com/2015/06/15/question-what-is-the-proper-understanding-of-1-timothy-519-20-particularly-in-light-of-the-differences-in-translation-among-the-versions/.  (Accessed January, 2015; November 2016.) 

 

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Coffman, James B.  Commentary on 1 Timothy.  Online.  At:  https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/1-timothy.html.  (July 2019).  Print edition:  Abilene Texas:  Abilene Christian University Press.

 

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Pharr, David R.  “Qualifications of Elders.”  Reprinted from The Spiritual Sword at the Charlotte Avenue Church of Christ website.  At:  http://charlotteavechurchofchrist.org/DPharr/articles-spsword/elders.htm.  (Accessed August 2016.)                   

 

Phillips, William D.  Slavery from Roman Times to the Early Transatlantic Trade.  Manchester University Press, 1985.  

 

Piper, John.  “Biblical Eldership.”  May 1, 1999.  Part of the Desiring God website.  At:  http://www.desiringgod.org/messages/biblical-eldership-part-1a.  (Accessed August 2016.)       

 

Plummer, Alfred.  1 Timothy, in Joseph S. Exell, editor, The Biblical Illustrator (New York:  1905-1909).  Internet edition at:  http://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tbi/.  (Accessed October 2015.)

 

Plummer, Alfred.  “1 Timothy” in The Pastoral Epistles, part of William R. Nicoll, editor, Expositor’s Bible Commentary on Ephesians to Revelation.  [N.p.]:  S. S. Scranton Company, 1903.  At:  https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/teb.html.  (Accessed July 2019.) 

 

Pope, Kyle.  “Beer in the Bible?”  At:  http://ancientroadpublications.com/Studies/BiblicalStudies/BeerintheBible.html.  (Accessed September 2016.)

 

Porter, Stanley E., “Paul and the Pauline Letter Collection.”  In Paul and the Second Century, edited by Michael F. Bird and Joseph R. Dodson.  New York:  Continuum; imprint of T & T Clark International, 2011.

 

Pounds, Wil.  “Angels in the Life of Christ.”  At:  http://www.abideinchrist.com/messages/angelslifechrist.pdf.  (Dated 2008; accessed August 2015.)   

 

Powell, Ivie.  “Qualifications of Elders and Deacons.”  From the Gospel Gleaner.  At:  http://gospelgleaner.com/?page_id=807.  (Accessed September 2016.)  


Price, Nelson L.  “Wine in The Bible and the Consumption of Alcohol Today.”  At: 

https://www.nelsonprice.com/wine-in-the-bible-and-the-consumption-of-alcohol-today/.  (Dated 2009; accessed March 2020.)

 

Prince, Derek.  Foundational Truths for Christian Living.  Revised Edition.  [N.p.]:  Chrisma Media, 2006.

 

Quinn, Jon W.  “The King of Kings:  1 Timothy 6:15-16.”  From Expository Files 21.5.  At:  https://www.bible.ca/ef/expository-1-timothy-6-15-16.htm.  (Dated May 2014; accessed April 2020.) 

 

Ratliff, Mike.  “In Hypocrisy of Ones Speaking Lies Having Been Seared in Their Own Conscience.”  Part of the Possessing the Treasure website.  At:

https://mikeratliff.wordpress.com/2011/08/08/in-hypocrisy-of-ones-speaking-lies-having-been-seared-in-their-own-conscience/.  (Dated August 8, 2011; accessed January 2020.)

 

Reagan, David.  “Widow Indeed.”  At:  https://www.learnthebible.org/widow-indeed.html.  (Accessed January 2016.)  

 

Rhodes, Harold.  “What Is Doctrine?”  Part of the Life, Hope and Truth website.  At:  https://lifehopeandtruth.com/bible/bible-study/what-is-doctrine/.  (Accessed March 2020.) 

 

Robertson, A. T..  Word Pictures in the New Testament.  Volume 4:  The Epistles of Paul.  [N.p.]:  Broadman Press, 1932-1933.  At:  http://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/view.cgi?bk=53.  (Accessed September 2015.) 

 

Ruggeri, Amanda.  “Do We Really Live Longer Than Our Ancestors?”  Part of the BBC Future website.  At:  https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20181002-how-long-did-ancient-people-life-life-span-versus-longevity.  (Dated October 2, 2018; accessed January 2020.) 

 

Ryken, Phil.  “Qualifications for Elders.”  At:  http://www.tenth.org/resource-library/articles/qualifications-for-elders.  (Dated February 10, 2006; accessed October 2016.)      

 

Sanders, Johnny L.  A Charge To Keep:  Paul’s First Epistle to Timothy.  At:

http://sermons.pastorlife.com/members/UploadedSermons/1Timothy.pdf.  2005.  (Dated 2005; accessed July 2019.)   

 

Scandrett, Joel.  “What Does God Mean When He Asks Us To Be Holy As He Is Holy?” Christian Bible Studies at the Christianity Today website.  At:  http://www.christianitytoday.com/biblestudies/bible-answers/theology/what-does-god-mean-when-he-asks-us-to-be-holy.html?start=2.  (Dated February 28, 2012; accessed June 2015.) 

 

Schaff, Philip.  History of the Christian Church (Volume 1 extract).  At: 

https://biblehub.com/library/schaff/history_of_the_christian_church_volume_i/section_48_christianity_and_slavery.htm.  (Accessed January 2020.)

 

Schaff, Philip.  Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament:  First Timothy.  At:  https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/scn/1-timothy-6.html.  (Accessed March 2020.)

 

Scheidel, Walter.  “The Roman Slave Supply.”  In the series Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics.  Version 1.0; May 2007.  At:  http://www.princeton.edu/~pswpc/pdfs/scheidel/050704.pdf.  (Accessed June, 2015.)  This material was scheduled to be later printed in Keith Bradley and Paul Cartledge (eds.), The Cambridge World History of Slavery, 1: The Ancient Mediterranean World.

 

Scheidel, Walter.  “The Slave Population of Roman Italy:  Speculation and Constraints,” Topoi:  Orient-Occident (1999), 129-144.  Reproduced in pdf form at https://www.persee.fr/doc/topoi_1161-9473_1999_num_9_1_1808.  (Accessed January 2020.)

 

Schnabel, Eckhard J.  “Paul, Timothy, and Titus:  The Assumption of a Pseudonymous Author and of Pseudonymous Recipients in the Light of Literary, Theological, and Historical Evidence.”  Do Historical Matters Matter to Faith?  A Critical Appraisal of Modern and Postmodern Approaches to Scripture, edited by James K. Hoffmeier and Dennis R. Magary, 383-403.  Wheaton, Illinois:  Crossway, 2012.    

 

Scientia, Petros B.  “1 Timothy 4:14:  Your Ministry and Gifts of the Spirit Are Given by the Laying on of Hands of the Presbytery.”  At:  http://www.seekfind.net/1Timothy414GiftsOfTheSpiritAreGivenByTheLayingOnOfHandsOfThePresbytery.html#.VpAgfE9Nl-8.  (Accessed January 2016.)   

 

Seesengood, Robert Paul.  Paul:  A Brief History.  Chichester, United Kingdom:  Wiley-Blackwell John Wiley & Sons, 2007. 

 

Sherwin, Irwin W.  The Power of Plagues.  Second Edition.  Washington, D.C.:  ASM Press, 2017.  (Google book)

 

Simeon, Charles.  “Discourse 2234:  The Gospel Productive of Good Works” in “Commentary on 1 Timothy” in his Horae Homileticae.  1832.  At:    https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/shh/1-timothy-6.html.  (Accessed March 2020.) 

 

Simkin, John.  “Slavery in the Roman Empire.”  Part of the Spartacus International website.  At:  http://spartacus-educational.com/ROMslaves.htm.  (Dated December, 1997; updated August, 2014; accessed July, 2015.) 

 

Slick, Matt.  “Are There Elect or Chosen Angels?”  Part of the CARM website.  At:  https://carm.org/are-there-elect-or-chosen-angels.  (Accessed January 2020.)

 

Smith, Chuck.  Bible Commentary on 1 Timothy.  At: 

https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/csc/1-timothy.html.  (Accessed July 2019.) 

 

Smith, Claire S.  Pauline Communities as “Scholastic Communities.”  Tubingen, Germany:  Mohr Siebeck, 2012. 

 

Sochor, Andy.  “Elders in Every Church (Part 2):  Character Qualifications for Elders #1.”  Part of a series originally preached October-November, 2015.  At:  http://www.plainbibleteaching.com/2016/06/27/elders-in-every-church-part-2-character-qualifications-for-elders-1/.   (Dated 2016; accessed September 2016.) 

 

Sochor, Andy.  “Elders in Every Church (Part 4):  Other Qualifications for Elders.”  Part of a series originally preached October-November, 2015.  At:  http://www.plainbibleteaching.com/2016/07/11/elders-in-every-church-part-4-other-qualifications-for-elders/.   (Dated July 11, 2016; accessed September 2016.)  

 

Solomon, Larry.  “What Does Modesty Mean in 1 Timothy 2:9?  Part of the Biblical Gender Roles website.  At:  https://biblicalgenderroles.com/2014/07/11/what-does-modesty-mean-in-i-timothy-29/.  (Dated July 14, 2014; accessed October 2016.) 

 

South II, James T.  Corrective Discipline in the Pauline Communities.  Phd Dissertation, University of Virginia.  1989. 

 

Soyinka, Julius.  “Take Heed Unto Yourself and the Doctrine.”  At:  https://sermons.faithlife.com/sermons/122293-take-heed-unto-yourself-and-the-doctrine-%22take.  (Accessed February 2020.)

 

Spencer, Jack.  “Elders and Spiritual Gifts—Part 1.”  At:  http://newtestamentchurch.com/articles-of-interest-to-church-elders/index-of-articles-relating-to-church-elders/elders-and-spiritual-gifts-part-i/.  (Accessed September 2016.)     

 

Spurgeon, Charles.  “Paul—His Cloak and His Books.”  Sermon 542, preached November 29, 1863, at the Metropolitan Tabernacle.  Part of the Spurgeon Archive website.  At:  http://www.spurgeon.org/sermons/0542.htm.  (Accessed March 2015.) 

 

Stanford University Libraries.  Orbis:  The Stanford Geospatial Network Model of the Roman World.”  At:  http://orbis.stanford.edu/.  (Accessed September 2019.)

 

Stedman, Stedman.  “The Cost of Riches” (1 Timothy 6:6-19).”  At: 

https://www.raystedman.org/new-testament/timothy/the-cost-of-riches.  (Preached November 22, 1981; accessed January 2020.)

 

Stedman, Ray C.  “Fraudulent Faith.”  At:  http://www.raystedman.org/new-testament/timothy/fraudulent-faith.  (Dated 1981; accessed January 2016.) 

 

Stedman, Ray C.  “Help for Elders.”  At:  http://www.raystedman.org/new-testament/timothy/help-for-elders.  (Dated November 8, 1981; accessed:  January 2016.) 

 

Stedman, Ray.  “O Man of God! (1 Timothy 6:11-21).”  At: 

https://www.raystedman.org/new-testament /timothy/o-man-of-god.  (Preached November 29, 1981; accessed January 2020.)

 

Stedman, Ray.  “Sound Words for Slaves (1 Timothy 6:1-5).”  At:  https://www.raystedman.org/new-testament/timothy/sound-words-for-slaves.  (Preached November 15, 1981; accessed January 2020.)

 

Stedman, Ray C.  “The Care and Feeding of Widows.”  At:  http://www.raystedman.org/new-testament/timothy/the-care-and-feeding-of-widows.  (Date 1981; accessed January 2016.

 

Stedman, Ray C.  “The Lord’s Leaders.”  At:  http://www.raystedman.org/new-testament/timothy/the-lords-leaders.  (Preached in 1981; accessed October 2016.) 

 

Stewart, Don.  “Were Some of the Biblical Books Actually Written by a Scribe Rather than by the Named Author? (Amanuensis).”  At: http://web.ccbce.com/multimedia/BLB/faq/nbi/1243.html.  (Accessed September 2016.)

 

Stott, John.  Guard the Truth:  The Message of 1 Timothy & Titus.  Downers Grove, Illinois:  InterVarsity Press, 1996.        

 

Stott, John.  The Message of Romans:  God’s Good News for the World.  Downers Grove, Illinois:  InterVarsity Press, 1994. 

 

Strepp, Perry L. Leadership Succession in the World of the Pauline Circle.  Sheffield, [England]:  Sheffield Phoenix Press, 2005. 

 

Sumney, Jerry L.  “Paul and His Opponents.”  In Paul and His Opponents, edited by Stanley E. Porter.  Volume 2.  Leiden, Netherlands:  Brill, 2005.  At:  Google Books (online).  (Accessed September 2015.) 

 

Sumney, Jerry L.  “Servants of Satan,” “False Brothers” and Other Opponents of Paul.  Journal for the Study of the New Testament Supplement Series 188.  Sheffield, England:  Sheffield Academic Press, Ltd., 1999. 

 

Sutcliffe, Joseph.  Sutcliffe’s Commentary on the Old and New Testament.  At:  https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jsc/1-timothy.html.  (Accessed July 2019.)    

 

Szymanski, Terrence.  “Reading the Payri:  P46.”  At:  http://www.lib.umich.edu/reading/Paul/ (homepage).  Dated:  2004.  (Accessed September 2015.)

 

Taylor, Justin.  “Abortion And The Early Church.”  At:     https://www.thegospelcoalition.org/blogs/justin-taylor/abortion-and-early-church/.  

Dated January 23, 2009.  (Accessed October 2019.)

 

Taylor, Jr., Walter F.  “1-2 Timothy, Titus.”  In The Deutero-Pauline Letters:  Ephesians, Colossians, 2 Thessalonians, 1-2 Timothy, Titus, edited by Gerhard Krodel, 59-93.  In the Proclamation Commentaries series, Revised Edition.  Minneapolis, Minnesota:  Fortress Press, 1993. 

 

Theopulos.  “Paul and Timothy.”  At:  https://www.fuller.edu/next-faithful-step/resources/paul-and-timothy/.  (Posted 2019; accessed January 2020.)

 

Thielman, Frank S.  Theology of the New Testament:  A Canonical and Synthetic Approach.  Grand Rapids, Michigan:  Zondervan, 2005. 

 

Thomas, Godd.  “The Servant’s Hearts of Paul and Timothy.”  At:  http://www.alfredplacechurch.org.uk/index.php/sermons/philippians/219-24-the-servants-hearts-of-paul-and-timothy/.  (Dated November 27, 2002; accessed October 2016.)  

 

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Twenge, Jean M.  “How Long Can You Wait To Have A Baby?”  Atlantic Magazine, July/August 2013.  At:  https://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2013/07-how-long-can-you-wait-to-have-a-baby/309374/.  (Accessed February 2020.)

 

Verner, David C.  The Household of God:  The Social World of the Pastoral Epistles.  SBL Dissertation Series 71.  Chico, California:  Scholars Press, 1983. 

 

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Vinson, Chandler.  Tertius:  Writer of Romans (Romans 16:22).”  Part of Trivial Devotion website.  At:  http://trivialdevotion.blogspot.com/2013.

 

Waggoner, Robert L.  “The Living God.”  At:  http://www.thebible.net/biblicaltheism/0505thelivinggod.htm.  (Dated May 2005; accessed:  December 2019.)

 

Waithe, Mary E. (Editor).  Ancient Women Philosophers:  600 B.C.-500 A.D.  Dordrecht, Netherlands:  Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 1987. 

 

Wallace, Daniel B.  “Some Notes on the Earliest Manuscript of Paul’s Letters.”  Part of The Center for the Study of New Testament Manuscripts website.  At:  https://danielbwallace.com/2013/06/08/some-notes-on-the-earliest-manuscript-of-pauls-letters/.  (Dated June 8, 2013; accessed October 2016.) 

 

Wallace, Daniel B.  “Who Should Run the Church?  A Case for the Plurality of Elders.”  At:  https://bible.org/article/who-should-run-church-case-plurality-elders.  (Dated May 25, 2004; accessed November 2015; October 2016.)   

 

Wallace, J. Warner Wallace.  Can Paul Be Considered a Witness if He Never Actually Saw Jesus?”  Part of the Cold-Case Christianity website. At:

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Wenstrom, William E.  “1 Timothy 5:17-20.”  At:  http://www.wenstrom.org/downloads/written/exposition/1tim/1tim_5_19-20.pdf.  (Dated 2011; accessed January 2016.)     

 

Weor, Samael Aun.  “Physical Nourishment,” an extract from his book Introduction to Gnosis (Glorian Publishing, 1971).  At:  http://gnosticteachings.org/books-by-samael-aun-weor/introduction-to-gnosis/361-physical-nourishment.html.  (Accessed September 2015.)

 

Whedon, Daniel.  Whedon’s Commentary on the Bible.  (1874-1909.)  At: https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/whe/1-timothy-5.html.  (Accessed February, March, April 2020.) 

 

White, Newport J. D.  “First and Second Timothy and Titus.”  In The Expositor’s Greek Testament, edited by William R. Nicoll.   1897+.  Internet edition.  At:  

http://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/.  (Accessed October 2015; March 2020.)

 

Whitney, Don.  “No I Won’t Bless the Food.”  At:  https://biblicalspirituality.org/no-i-wont-bless-the-meal/.  (Dated June 4, 2015; accessed January 2020.)   

 

Wigoder, Geoffrey.  Almanac of the Bible as quoted in “Food Laws in the Bible.”  Part of the “My Jewish Learning” website.  At:  https://www.myjewishlearning.com/article/food-laws-in-the-bible/.  (Accessed January 2020.)

 

Wilder, Terry L.  Pseudonymity, the New Testament, and the Pastoral Epistles,” in Entrusted with the Gospel:  Paul’s Theology in the Pastoral Epistles, edited by Andreas J. Kostenberger and Terry L. Wilder, 28-51.  Nashville, Tennessee:  B&H Academic, 2010. 

 

Wilhite, David E.  Tertullian on Widows:  A North African Appropriation of Pauline Household Economics.”  In Engaging Economics:  New Testament Scenarios and Early Christian Reception, edited by Bruce W. Longenecker and Kelly D. Liebengood, 222-242.  Grand Rapids, Michigan:  Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2009. 

 

Willis, Mike.  “Personal Charges Against Paul.”  Truth Magazine, February 6, 1997.  At:  http://www.truthmagazine.com/archives/volume41/GOT041030.html.  (Accessed January 2020.)

 

Winter, Bruce W.  Roman Wives, Roman Widows:  The Appearance of New Women and the Pauline Communities.  Grand Rapids, Michigan, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 2003.  

 

Witherington III, Ben.  Letters and Homilies for Hellenized Christains; Volume I:  A Socio-Rhetorical Commentary on Titus, 1-2 Timothy and 1-3 John.  Downers Grove, Illinois:  IVP Academic,  2006.   

 

Wolfe, P. Paul.  “The Ethics of the Pastoral Epistles,” in Entrusted with the Gospel:  Paul’s Theology in the Pastoral Epistles, edited by Andreas J. Kostenberger and Terry L. Wilder, 219-240.  Nashville, Tennessee:  B&H Academic, 2010.

 

Wuest, Kenneth S.  Word Studies from the Greek New Testament:  The Pastoral Epistles.  1952.  Reprinted with original page numbering as part of Wuest’s Word Studies from the Greek New Testament, volume 3.  Grand Rapids, Michigan:  Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1973. 

 

Yarbrough, Mark M.  Paul’s Utilization of Preformed Traditions in 1 Timothy—An Evaluation of the Apostle’s Literary, Rhetorical, and Theological Tactics.  In the Library of New Testament Studies, volume 417.  London, England:  T & T Clarke, 2009. 

 

Young, Richard.  Is God a Vegetarian?  Christianity, Vegetarianism, and Animal Rights.  [N.p.]:  Open Court Press, 1998.  At:  Google Books (online).  (Accessed:  September 2015.)  

 

 

Unidentified Authors

 

 [Unidentified Author.]  “Biblical Qualifications of a Pastor.”  Part of the Acts 29 website.  At:  http://www.acts29.com/biblical-qualifications-of-a-pastor/.  (Preached January 6, 2015; accessed August 2016.)     

 

[Unidentified Author.]  “Estimated Life Expectancy in the Ancient World.”  At:  http://www.richardcarrier.info/lifetbl.html.  (Accessed June 2016). 

 

[Unidentified Author.]  “Gossips and Busybodies (1 Timothy 5:13).”  Originally published in Tabletalk Magazine.  Part of Ligonier Ministries website.  At:  https://www.ligonier.org/learn/devotionals/gossips-and-busybodies/.  (Accessed February 2020.)

 

[Unidentified Author.]  “Inns and Innkeeping.”  Part of the American Bible Resources website.  At:  http://bibleresources.americanbible.org/resource/inns-and-innkeeping.  (Accessed October 2016.) 

 

[Unidentified author.]  “Lifting Holy Hands in Prayer.”  At: 

http://www.ligonier.org/learn/devotionals/lifting-holy-hands-prayer/.  (Accessed February 2015.)

 

[Unidentified Author.]  “Mark Chapter 7.”  At:  https://www.bible-studys-org/Bible%20Books/Mark/Mark%20Chapter%207.html.  (Accessed January 2020.) 

 

[Unidentified Author.]  “Overview of Qualifications, Selection and Appointment of Elders:  Lesson One:  Introduction.”  Part of Rose Street Church of Christ, Anchorage, Alaska website.  At:  http://www.rosestreetcofc.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/Elders-Lesson-1-Handout.pdf.  (Dated 2014; accessed September 2016.)  

 

[Unidentified Author.]  “Overview of Qualifications, Selection and Appointment of Elders:  Lesson Three.”  Part of Rose Street Church of Christ, Anchorage, Alaska website.  At:  At:  http://www.rosestreetcofc.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/Elders-Lesson-1-Handout.pdf.  (Dated 2014; accessed September 2016.)  

 

[Unidentified Author.]  “Overview of Qualifications, Selection and Appointment of Elders:  Lesson Five.”  Part of Rose Street Church of Christ, Anchorage, Alaska website.  At:  http://www.rosestreetcofc.com/wp-content/uploads/2014/08/Elders-Lesson-5-Handout.pdf.  (Accessed September 2016.)    

 

[Unidentified Author.]  “Reading Scripture in Worship.”  From Tabletalk Magazine.  At:  https://www.ligonier.org/learn/devotionals/reading-scripture-worship/.  (Accessed February 2020.)

 

[Unidentified Author.]  “Roman Slavery.”  Part of the UNRV Roman History website.  At:  https://www.unrv.com/slavery.php.  (Accessed January 2020.) 

 

[Unidentified Author.]  “Scriptural Qualifications of Elders.”  Part of the Church of Christ at Creekwood website.  At:  http://www.creekwoodcc.org/scriptural-qualifications-of-elders/.  (Accessed August 2016.)        

 

[Unidentified Author.]  “The Requirements of a Deacon (I Timothy 3: 8-13).”  At:  http://www.pulpitpages.com/uploads/9/5/3/2/9532717/2._the_requirements_of_a_deacon_-_1_tim.38-13.pdf.  (Accessed October 2016.]

 

[Unidentified Author.]  “12 Frequently Asked Questions About the Vegetarian Diet.”  Part of the Ask Dr. Sears website.  At:  http://www.askdrsears.com/topics/feeding-eating/family-nutrition/vegetarian-diets/12-frequently-asked-questions-about-vegetarian-diet.  (Accessed September 2015.) 

 

[Unidentified Author.]  “What Did Jesus Wear?”  At:  https://theconversation.com/what-did-jesus-wear-90783.  Dated February 8, 2018.  (Accessed October 2019.)

 

[Unidentified Author].  “What Is An Old Wives’ Tale?”  “Wonder of the Day #232” at the Wonderopolis website.  At:  https://www.wonderopolis.org/wonder/what-is-an-old-wives-tale.   (Accessed January 2020.)

 

[Unidentified Author.]  “What Is Intercessory Prayer?”  Part of the GotQuestions.org website.  At:  http://www.gotquestions.org/intercessory-prayer.html.  (Accessed June 2015.) 

 

[Unidentified Author.]  “What Is Meant by ‘Modest Apparel’ in 1 Timothy 2:9-10 & 1 Peter 3:3-5.  At:  http://www.godrules.net/articles/modest-apparel.htm.  (Accessed October 2016.)         

 

[Unidentified Author.]  “What Qualifications Does the Bible Give for Elders and Deacons?”  Part of the Compelling Truth website.  At:  https://www.compellingtruth.org/qualifications-elders-deacons.html.  (Accessed July 2019).

 

[Unidentified Author.]  “What Was Paul’s Thorn in the Flesh?”  Part of God Questions website.  At:  https://www.gotquestions.org/Paul-thorn-flesh.html.  (Accessed January 2020.)

 

[Unidentified Author].  “Who Is A Jew:  Matrilineal Descent.  Part of the My Jewish Learning website.  At https://www.myjewishlearning.com/article/ask-the-expert-matrilineal-descent.  (Accessed September 2019.)

 

[Unidentified Author connected with La Vista Church of Christ.]  “Must Elders Have More Than one Child?”  At:  http://lavistachurchofchrist.org/LVanswers/2005/06-14.htm.  (Accessed September 2016.)    

 

[Unidentified Author connected with La Vista Church of Christ.]  “What Qualifications Does an Elder Need That a Deacon Does Not?” At:   http://lavistachurchofchrist.org/LVanswers/2006/05-09.htm.  (Accessed September 2016.)  

 

[Unidentified Author connected with La Vista Church of Christ.]  “When Paul Speaks of ‘Faithful Children’ in Titus 1:6, Did He Mean Faithful to God or Faithful to the Parent?”  At:  http://lavistachurchofchrist.org/LVanswers/2005/01-22.htm.  (Accessed September 2016.)     

 

[Unidentified Author connected with Loop 287 Church of Christ.]  “The Wives of Elders and Deacons.”  At:  http://www.lawofliberty.com/sermons/Resources/thewivesofelders.pdf.  (Accessed September 2016.)

 

[Unknown Last Name], Angela.  “Lessons From the Window of 1 Timothy 5.”  At: 

https://www.thediligentwoman.com/lessons-from-the-widow-of-1-timothy-5/.  (Accessed February 2020.) 

 

 

Ancient Sources

 

[“Barnabas.”]  Epistle of Barnabas.”  At the Early Christian Resources website (with links to various translations).  At:  http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/barnabas.html.  (Accessed November 2015.) 

 

Clement of Alexandria.  The Stromata or Miscellanies, Book VII, Roberts-Donaldson English translation, as reprinted at:  http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/text/clement-stromata-book7.html.  (Accessed October 2015.)

 

Gordy, Peter, editor.  Ancient Christian Commentary on Scripture; volume 9:  Colossians, 1-2 Thessalonians, 1-2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon.  Chicago, Illinois:  Fitzroy Dearborn Publishers, 2000.       

 

Irenaeus.  Against Heresies,  in The Apostolic Fathers, with Justin Martyr and Irenaeus.  In the Ante-Nicene Fathers series, Volume One.   As reprinted at the Gnostic Society Library website.  At:  http://gnosis.org/library/advh1.htm.  (Accessed September 2016.)   

 

Irenaeus.   Against Heresies.  Book 2.  Part of the Early Christian Writings website.  At:  http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/irenaeus.html.  (Accessed October 2016.)

 

Josephus, Flavius.  The Works of Flavius Josephus, translated by William Whiston (1737).  As reproduced at the Sacred Texts website.  At:  https://www.sacred-texts.com/jud/josephus/apion-2.htm.  (Accessed February 2020.)

 

Justin Martyr.  Dialogue with Tyrpho.  In The Apostolic Fathers, Justin Martyr, Irenaeus.  Volume 1 of The Ante-Nicene Fathers, edited by Alexander Roberts and James Donaldson.  [ ? ]:  Christian Literature Publishing, Company, 1886. At the Early Christian Writings website.  At:  http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/text/justinmartyr-dialoguetrypho.html.  (Accessed September 2015.)

 

Justin Martyr.  “First Apology.”  In The Apostolic Fathers, Justin Martyr, Irenaeus.  Volume 1 of The Ante-Nicene Fathers, edited by Alexander Roberts and James Donaldson.  [ ? ]:  Christian Literature Publishing, Company, 1886.  At the Chrstian Classics Etheral Library website.  At:  http://www.ccel.org/ccel/schaff/anf01.viii.ii.lxvii.html.  (Accessed September 2015.)

 

Lucian of Samosata.  Timon the Misanthrope, 53-54.  The Works of Lucian of Samosata.  Translated by H. W. Fowler and F. G. Fowler.  Oxford:  The Clarendon Press, 1905.  Part of the online Lucian of Samosata Project.  At:  http://lucianofsamosata.info/TimonTheMisanthrope.html.  (Accessed  November 2016.) 

 

Tertullian.  Against Marcion.  Translated by Peter Holmes.  In the Ante-Nicene Fathers, Volume 3, edited by Alexander Roberts, James Donaldson, and A. Cleveland Coxe (Buffalo, NY: Christian Literature Publishing Co., 1885).  Reprinted at (with links  to each section):  http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/0312.htm.  (Accessed October 2015.) 

 

Tertullian.  Against the Valentinians.  Translated by Mark T. Riley.  1971.  Part of the Gnostic Society Library.  At:  http://gnosis.org/library/ter_val_riley.htm.  (Accessed September 2016.)     

 

Tertullian.  On Baptism.  Part of the Early Christian Writings website.  At:  http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/text/tertullian21.html.  (Accessed November 2015.)

 

[Unidentified Author.]  [Acts of Paul and Thecla.]  Part of the La Vista Church of Christ website.  At:  http://lavistachurchofchrist.org/LVanswers/2009/03-26.html.  (Accessed November 2015.)

 

[Unidentified Author.]  Apostolic Constitutions.  Translated by James Donaldson, Ante-Nicene Fathers, Volume 7.  (Buffalo, NY: Christian Literature Publishing Co., 1886), Revised and edited for New Advent by Kevin Knight.  At:  http://www.newadvent.org/fathers/07152.htm. (Accessed March 2020.)

 

[Unidentified Author.]  Didache.  Translation of Roberts-Donaldson.  At:  Early Christian Writings website.  http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/text/didache-roberts.html.    (Accessed:  November 2019.)

 

[Unknown Author.]  Didascalia Apostolorum, translated by R. Hugh Connolly (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1929).  At:  http://www.earlychristianwritings.com/text/didascalia.html.  (Accessed March 2020.)

 

[Unidentified Author(s).]  The Sibylline Oracles, translated by Milton S. Terry (New York:  Eaton & Mains, 1899).  As reproduced at the Sacred Texts website.  At:  https://www.sacred-texts.com/cla/sib/sib04.htm.  (Posted December 2001; accessed February 2020.)